|Training the Puppy of The art of Punishment|
And The Effectiveness of Reward
The art of punishment Why punish?
If, despite all our justifications, you wish to use
punishment - or, more likely, if you lose you
or if you have to face a "provocation" - he or she
you have to learn to punish.
Punishment is an educational process that can be useful. It is used to stop unwanted behavior.
Dogs also use it among themselves, to enforce
rules of community life. To be effective, punishment must be adapted to dog communication. As a result, all 15 verbal explanations are not applicable. Indeed, we have seen that the dog only retains the context and elements of a situation that he can perceive it, and your explanations are not part of it.
When you want to punish your dog, make sure he understands what he needs to correct:
- do it immediately, if possible as soon as you see it initiate the reprehensible behavior;
- always act the same way, and every time he does
Thus, you create a repetitive context: the constant elements are likely to be retained by the dog. You can measure the success of your intervention by the fact that you no longer have to do it. If you find yourself in a position to punish several
times in the same circumstances, ask yourself: either the dog doesn't understand what you're trying to forbid him, or he does not interpret your intervention as punishment, but more like a game or a message that is not its own destined. Change your method rather than suspect your dog to try to annoy you....
In fact, punishment is quite complicated to succeed. To achieve this, a high degree of consistency is required, and you must have the
certainty that the message perceived by the dog corresponds well to the objective pursued.
Did you know that?
When a mother dog punishes her cubs, she does so
from the outset with maximum intensity, which is surprisingly surprising often observers (who suspect her of overdoing it). The adult dogs are always very strict with puppies, from the moment they are first violation of a rule. For example, when young people puppies approach the adults' bowl, the growling teeth discovered are impressive; they only stop when the little ones retreat or stop on the ground.
What is the advantage of this technique? It is not necessary to have recourse to it again: once is enough, which is the criterion that we have retained to consider that punishment is effective. Thereafter, the threat of punishment is sufficient to interrupt the misconduct. The code becomes simpler and more economical - in our example, the bitch then simply slightly raise the lips.
What to punish?
It is not easy to answer this question.
The sanction occurs when the dog makes a mistake, so that it does not renew itself, but it is still necessary that it has identified his fault... We said earlier that it was better to guide the puppy gently in his learning, but there are
exceptions: learning the social rules that structure the group life (meals, bite control, respect for
adults and their property) and dangerous situations.
If your puppy escapes on the street, you must mark his mistake severely so that he memorizes it quickly and doesn't start to put himself in danger again. You will prohibit in the same way
theft or ingestion of non-food items....
How to punish?
Physical punishment is not relevant, as it is considered to be an attack by the dog. The use of this technique has two advantages
- or the dog ends up being afraid of his master;
- or he turns against it when it has reached a "format".
sufficient, or when he does not accept the punishment.
Punishing a dog physically is only possible to respond to an attack by him. Do not take it by the neck, very aggressive for the animal after three months of age. Of some 17 small dogs, this take is systematized by the masters and becomes, in this case, a known code between them, but it is not
a "canine" code. If you have to stop the dog, apply gentle and firm pressure to the withers instead, he will understand everything.
as well and will not be stressed. This is not about repression but physical control, which is very different.
Know how to stop your punishment when the dog takes a position low because he tells you in his own way that he respects you. If you insist, he will be afraid, but will not understand better... That's why.
The effectiveness of rewards with rewards and incentives, the results of the will be faster and more satisfying, regardless of the type of learning considered. You can guide your dog by encouraging him when he starts, by rewarding him as he goes along and as the behavior progresses, and by ceasing to reward him when he makes mistakes (a bit like the children playing at looking for an object: they say "you're burning"
when one of them approaches the "treasure", "you cool down" when he moves away...). Create educational situations, guide the actions of the dog. Thus, by taking it out at times when there is a
high probability that he would want to eliminate (after sleeping, eaten or played), you increase his chances of being congratulated.
By systematically taking him to where he needs to do his business, you also create a habit.
Of course, the reward can be misunderstood, as well as than punishment. However, while the dog will avoid all this which he associates with punishment, he will instead seek to get used to
Congratulate again, because he appreciates these moments of pleasure. the misinterpreted reward will result in testing by the dog to reproduce what had been so pleasant, and you can then orient it differently, with encouragement, invitations... So you will never make a mistake by rewarding it.