Canine Parvovirus• Canine parvovirus is a serious and highly contagious a disease which has a high mortality (death) rate in untreated dogs.
• Canine parvovirus attacks the gastrointestinal tract and immune the system of dogs and the puppies.
• The disease is rapidly spread by direct contact with other infected dogs or infected materials such as feces, food dishes, and soil.
• There is no effective treatment for canine parvovirus and supportive care is all that can be given.
• The disease can be effectively prevented by
vaccination against canine parvovirus.
What is canine parvovirus?
Canine parvovirus is a highly contagious and
a serious disease that is caused by the canine
parvovirus type 2 (CPV-2) virus. The virus attacks
the gastrointestinal tract and immune system of
puppies, dogs and wild canids (e.g. foxes). It can
Also myocardial infarction in older dogs
There are several variants of CPV-2 and in the
UK the CPV-2a and CPV-2b variants are most
How is parvovirus spread?
CPV-2 is highly contagious and is spread through
direct contact with other infected dogs or with
infected feces. The virus readily contaminates
the environment, equipment or people that have
come into contact with infected dogs. CPV-2 is
easily carried and transmitted by contaminated
hands, clothes and shoes, food and water bowls,
collars and leads. The virus is very stable in the
environment and can survive for over a year. It is
resistant to heat, cold, drought, and humidity.
Which dogs are at risk?
All dogs are in danger, however puppies but
four months previous and dogs that haven't been
vaccinated against canine parvo have AN
increased risk of turning into infected and unwell.
What are the signs of parvo infection?
• Lethargy (extreme tiredness)
• Loss of appetency
• The severe looseness of the bowels (often bloody)
Vomiting and looseness of the bowels will cause fast dehydration
and most deaths from parvo occur inside
48-72 hours following the onset of clinical signs.
If your puppy or dog shows any of those signs
contact your vet right away.
How is parvo diagnosed and treated?
Diagnosis is created supported history, signs of
disease, physical examination, and laboratory
tests performed on blood and feces. No specific
treatment or drug is accessible that may kill the
virus in infected dogs. solely adjunct care will
be given and typically consists of fluid medical care, medications to regulate disgorgement and looseness of the bowels, prevention of secondary infections and intensive nursing care. 85-90% of treated dogs survive parvovirus infection, however, thanks to the intensive supportive care needed treatment prices will be expensive. In untreated dogs, the death rate can exceed ninetieth. Infected dogs ought to be unbrokenly isolated from alternative dogs till they need to be recovered and aren't any longer shedding (spreading) the virus. The surroundings, bowls, collar etc. ought to be disinfected with a dilute bleach resolution.
How is parvo prevented?
Vaccination and smart hygiene are important in
preventing parvo infection. Due to the
severity and prevalence of parvo the immunogen
is considered a core (essential) immunogen
meaning that everyone dog ought to be protected against this malady.
All puppies ought to receive a course of the CPV-2
vaccine. Young puppies are terribly vulnerable
to infection, notably as a result of the natural
the immunity provided within the mother’s milk might wear off before the puppies’ own system is
mature enough to repulse the infection. a puppy
may become sick if it's exposed to infection throughout This void shall be in protection or before full immunization of vaccination has been achieved. Vaccination is generally started at six to eight weeks old and a dose is given each 3-4 weeks for a minimum of two doses.
Regardless of what number of doses are given
earlier, a dose of immunogen given between fourteen and 16 weeks old might make sure the best protection against parvo and is suggested by some veterinary practices supported individual risk. A booster vaccination is then administered each 1 to three years. Your vet is going to be able to suggest the most applicable vaccination schedule for your pet. In spite of correct vaccination, a small percentage of dogs don't develop immunity to parvovirus and stay at risk of infection.
• don't walk your puppy on the bottom
outside and keep them far away from alternative dogs at parks, groomers, puppy categories, and
kennels till their vaccination schedule has
• don't let your puppy or dog get contact with the unclean waste of alternative dogs while walking outdoors, and continually promptly dispose of your pet's waste.
• Avoid contact with notable infected dogs and