training of puppies socialization

puppies socialization checklist window how to before vaccinations schedule class chart near me classes
training of puppies socialization

training of puppies socialization

WHAT TO DO IF THE PUPPY IS OVER 16 WEEKS OLD AND THE CRUCIAL PERIOD OF SOCIALIZATION IS COMPLETED?
Even if the optimal socialization period is over, owners should be encouraged to expose their puppy to a maximum of different social and environmental stimuli. The exact age at which the period of socialization is unknown and probably varies by breed. Although it is preferable that the exposure takes place as much as possible
early possible, late exposure is preferable to no exposure. The socialization of puppies over the age of 16 weeks will require more time, effort and patience to achieve the same results. That being said, thanks to concerted efforts, it is still possible for older puppies or even adult dogs to do
progress, regardless of their age. In addition, it is important for homeowners to understand that socialization is only the first step in the education of a balanced dog. Positive exposure to a wide range of people, animals, places, and objects must continue throughout the dog's life.

WHAT ABOUT DISEASE RISK AND OTHER PUPPY SAFETY CONCERNS?
Many veterinarians are reluctant to recommend socialization because they fear that puppies will contract a contagious disease or are accidentally injured. In reality, the risk of a dog developing serious behavioral problems or either abandoned or euthanized due to inadequate socialization is
much higher than the risk of contracting a serious illness or being injured during socialization.

The recent research suggests that a high proportion of companion dogs have serious problems with behavior. For example, Martinez et al. (2011) conducted a study to survey behavioral problems in dogs visiting a teaching veterinary hospital for consultation in internal medicine or surgery. They concluded that 41% of the dogs were aggressive towards other dogs, that 21% of dogs were aggressive towards humans and 52% of dogs had some form of noise phobia; these behavioral problems can all be reduced or prevented by the socialization
of the puppies. If the risk of behavioral problems is high in dogs, the risk of contracting a disease as part of safe socialization activities, such as attending a puppy school, seems to be a good idea.
as for its relatively low level. assessed the risk of developing parvovirus canine in vaccinated puppies who attended puppy school before 16 weeks of age. They found no evidence of no suspected or confirmed cases of parvovirus among the 279 puppies admitted to the study. According to the knowledge When socialization is done safely, the benefits outweigh the risks. Here is the list some examples of precautions that can be taken to reduce the risk of illness or injury.

Before participating in socialization activities outside the home, homeowners must
make sure their puppy has received his first vaccinations and wait a week to allow time for the vaccinations to take effect and give it some protection. Socialization must be done with the right dogs in safe places where the risk of disease is high.
can be controlled.
GOOD DOGS :
Healthy puppies who have at least received their first vaccination Vaccinated adult dogs that interact well with other dogs and have shown that they can play safely with puppies

SAFE PLACES :
Puppy school where hygiene practices and vaccination requirements are appropriate
Quiet parks and outdoor spaces where it is easy to avoid unknown dogs Young puppies should not be taken to parks where dogs can play without a leash or in other areas frequented by many potentially unvaccinated dogs.
Note that the prevalence of some contagious diseases is higher than average in some areas; in these areas, exposure to outdoor locations and other dogs before the puppy has received his full set of vaccines should be considered with more caution.
Seasonal variation of diseases - for example, the risk of parvovirus - must be taken into account appears to be higher in the summer.

 WHY VETERINARIANS ARE AN IMPORTANT SOURCE OF INFORMATION ON
SOCIALIZATION?
Puppies are usually adopted by their new families at the age of 8 to 12 weeks, leaving few children to be adopted.
time for owners to properly socialize their young companion. Many breeders are starting out
socialization before the puppies leave, but this is not always the case. In addition, it is possible that the puppies have not been exposed to all the situations they will face in their breeder's home
their new owner. As owners are likely to meet with their veterinarian shortly after the newcomer arrives, this first visit gives you the opportunity to start the conversation on the importance of socialization. Otherwise, your customers and their puppy may not get the full benefit. of the crucial period of socialization. 

RECOMMENDATIONS CONCERNING THE SOCIALIZATION OF PUPPIES
WHAT SHOULD PUPPIES BE EXPOSED TO DURING EARLY SOCIALIZATION?
During the early socialization period, puppies should be exposed to everything they are likely to encounter to be exposed later in their lives, including different types of people, animals, manipulations, environments, noises, and objects. Consult Merck's Puppy Socialization Kit for
specific examples. Remember to remind homeowners that their lifestyle and expectations can change over their dog's lifetime, and that's why they should consider additional exposures
that they consider appropriate. For example, a young client could have children in five years or a client may one day require medical equipment or professional home care of health.

WHAT SHOULD THE OWNER OF A PUPPY WHO SEEMS FEARFUL DURING SOCIALIZATION DO?
Puppies exhibit different behaviors that evoke fear. Tell your customers to be on the lookout for the following signs.
The puppy avoids the person or object he fears.
He adopts a low posture with his ears pulled back and his tail between his legs.
He stops and barks at the person or object he fears.
He shows subtle behavioral signs related to fear, such as lifting a leg, licking his hands, licking his hands. chops, panting, yawning or jumping.
When a puppy shows signs of fear, his owner must respond appropriately to it in order to reduce the fearful response.
Do not pet the puppy, as this may lead him to believe that he is right to worry.
The puppy should not be punished, as this may increase his fear and aggravate the fearful response.
Encourage the puppy to approach what he fears by using vocal signs and gestures positive and providing a source of motivation (such as treats or toys).
Desensitization and counterconditioning can be combined to control fears persistent.
- Desensitization is a gradual increase in the level of exposure to the object of fear.
- Counter-conditioning is the association of the object of fear with treats or other treats pleasant things to change the puppy's emotional state in the presence of what he fears.
 Here is an example of a protocol for a puppy that fears umbrellas.
1. Place the umbrella at a distance that does not cause signs of fear, then offer the puppy treats.
2. Gradually encourage the puppy to approach the umbrella by offering treats. If he shows any signs of fear, step back a little and progress more slowly.
3. When the puppy is near the umbrella, encourage him to explore it and then, in stages, lift it up the umbrella and handle it until you can open and close it without the puppy showing any signs of fear.
4. Repeat steps 1 to 3 several times until the puppy becomes indifferent to the umbrella.
Owners should be encouraged to seek professional help if their puppy shows fear excessive, persistent or inappropriate depending on the context, or if it begins to show signs of aggressiveness in a situation of fear.

HOW PUPPY OWNERS SHOULD PROCEED WHEN CHOOSING A PUPPY SCHOOL
THE MOST APPROPRIATE?
Recommend that puppy owner ask many questions before choosing a school. Here are some of the
examples of points to check.
The requirement that all puppies have received the first vaccination Clean environment and free of potential hazards Training methods based on positive reinforcement, without the use of punishment Course offering many opportunities for socialization as well as advice on basic obedience, cleanliness training and prevention of common behavioral problems Confidence in the instructor and the ability to ask questions For more information, you can consult the document entitled "How to Choose a Trainer" published by the American Veterinary Society of Animal Behavior (available free of charge on the AVSAB website).
WHAT ROLE DO FARMERS PLAY IN THE SOCIALIZATION PROCESS?
As the socialization period begins around the age of 3 weeks, breeders play a crucial role in the socialization of puppies. One study indicates that socialization activities vary from one breeder to another.

Therefore, if you have breeders among your customers, you can talk to them about puppy socialization to encourage them to implement best practices before adoption. Also, encourage them to owners to ask specific questions to their breeder about their socialization plan to ensure that their future puppy benefits from adequate socialization. 

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