australian shepherd breedsORIGIN: United States of america.
USE: Sheepdog for the farm or ranch.
FCI classification: group 1 sheepdogs and
herdsman (except dogs of swiss mountain dogs)
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:While there are many theories on the origin of the australian sheepdog, the breed, such as we know it today, has developed exclusively in the United States. This australian shepherd's name was given to him by association with shepherds of basque origin who arrived in the United States in the 19th century from australia. The popularity of the australian shepherd has continued to grow with the success of western style riding after the Second World War, that people learned to know through rodeos, horse shows, films, and television shows. their versatile and docile nature has made them precious dogs on american farms and ranches. the american cattle breeders have continued to develop the breed, in nurturing his versatility, his keen intelligence, his powerful instinct of herd management and its eye-catching appearance, everything which, in the beginning, had forced their admiration. Each individual is unique in terms of coat color and markings, but all australian shepherds demonstrate an unparalleled dedication to their families. Their many qualities are a guarantee of the durability of the popularity of these dogs.
GENERAL APPEARANCE:The australian Shepherd is well proportioned,
slightly longer than high, of medium size and bone structure. Its dress offers originality and variety. he is attentive and lively, supple and agile, well structured and muscular without heaviness. hair of medium length and texture. the tail is shortened or left natural.
The length, measured from the tip of the sternum to the tip of the buttock is slightly greater than the height, measured from the top of the withers to the ground. Solid in construction, with medium bone structure. Character male, without coarseness, of the male's structure. The feminine character of the female, without the bone being frail.
An intelligent working dog, with a strong instinct for the conduct and custody of herds. A faithful companion, he has the energy to work for a whole day. Gifted with equal temperament, he has a good-natured, rarely quarrelsome. He may be somewhat reserved when of the first meetings.
Clearly drawn, strong and dry. In its dimensions, it must be proportionate to the body.
CRANIAL REGION :
Skull: the top is flat or slightly rounded. it may present a slight occipital protuberance. stop moderate, well defined.
FACIAL REGION :
Nose: In blue-merle and black, the nose is black
(like lips). The red merle and the red ones have the truffle brown (like lips). In merle dogs, it is allowed too little pink spots on the nose. However, these stains must not cover more than a quarter of the truffle in dogs over one year of age, which is a serious flaw.
Muzzle: its length is equal to or slightly less than that of the skull. In profile, the upper line of the skull and the line of the muzzle are parallel. They are separated by a moderate stop but well defined. The snout tapers slightly from the base to the nose and is rounded at the end.
Jaws/teeth: Complete teeth; strong and white teeth. Scissor or pliers bite.
Eyes: Brown, blue, amber or any variation or
combination of these colors, including flecks and marbling.
Almond-shaped, the eyes are neither protruding nor sunken into the orbits. Dogs in a blue-merle dress (colorful dress) or black have the edge of the eyelids pigmented with black. The red merle and the red ones have brown pigmented eyelid edges. Expression: the australian sponsor is conscious and attentive, intelligent, and enthusiastic by a desire to please. The look must be lively, but friendly.
Ears: Triangular; pavilion of moderate dimensions; set high on their heads. When the dog is very attentive, they will fold forward or to the side like a pink ear.
NECK: Strong, of moderate length, slightly curved on top, slightly curved, it fits well between the shoulders.
Top line: The top is straight and solid, horizontal and firm from the withers at the hips.
Croup: Moderately sloping.
Chest: Not broad, but high, with its lowest point reaching the elbow.
Ribs: Long and well sprung, neither flat nor barrel-shaped.
Lower line and belly: Moderately raised.
Queue: Straight, long or short from birth. When she is shortened (in countries where this practice is not prohibited) or that it is naturally short, it should not exceed 10 cm.
MEMBERS FORELEGS :
Overview: Their bone structure is strong, more oval than round.
Shoulders: Shoulder blades long, flat, close enough to the withers and well inclined.
Arm: It should be approximately the same length as the shoulder blade and forms an approximately right angle with it.
Forearm: Plumb, perpendicular to the ground.
Pasterns: Of medium length and very slightly sloping. We can do the removal of the anterior thumb.
Forefeet: Oval, compact, with tight toes and good toes. arched. The pads are thick and elastic.
HIND MEMBERS :
Overview: The width of the hindquarters is equal to that of the forehand measured at the shoulder level. The angle approximately straight formed by the pelvis and thigh corresponds to the one formed by the shoulder blade and humerus.
Stifle (knee): Clearly drawn.
Hock joint: Moderate angulation.
Hock: Short, perpendicular to the ground, parallel when viewed from behind. No dewclaws on the hind legs.
Hind feet: Oval, compact, with tight toes and good. arched. The pads are thick and elastic.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: United, clear and easy. The australian shepherd makes proof of great agility in his movements. Issues at stake covering a lot of ground, in balance. The front members and move in planes parallel to the center axis (sagittal) of the body. As the speed increases, the feet (anterior and posterior) converge towards the median plane, while the top remains firm and horizontal. The australian shepherd must be agile and able to change direction or pace instantly.
Hair quality: Medium texture and length, straight to wavy, weatherproof. The undercoat varies in quantity with the seasons. The coat is short and smooth on the head, ears, front of the head, and the back of the head.
forelegs and under the hocks. The back of the front legs and the panties are moderately provided. Moderate mane and crop, more pronounced in males than in females in females.
Hair color: Merle blue, black, merle red, merle red, red, all these colors with or without white spots, with or without tan markings (copper color), all colors being equal. The white-collar does do not extend beyond the withers. White is allowed on the neck (either partially, or by forming a complete necklace), on the chest, on the limbs, at the lower part of the muzzle, with the list at the top, and can extend from below to 10 cm (4 inches), by measuring from the horizontal through the elbow. The white on the head must not dominate and the eyes must be completely surrounded by areas colorful. The characteristic of blackbirds is that they darken with age.
SIZE AND WEIGHT :
Height at withers: The preferred height is 51-58 cm (20-23 inches) in males and 46-53 cm (18-21 inches) in females. The quality must not be sacrificed for the sake of size.
FAULTS: Any deviation from the above must be
considered as a defect that will be penalized according to its risk and its consequences on the health and welfare of the dog.
SERIOUS DEFECTS :
- Ears upright or hanging.
- Atypical hair.
DEFECTS LEADING TO EXCLUSION:
- Aggressive or fearful dog.
- Any dog with obvious abnormalities of a physical or behavioral nature will be disqualified.
- Lower overshot. Superior over shortness exceeding 0.3 cm (1/8 inch). Loss of contact caused by short central incisors in otherwise correct teeth will not be considered as a case of prognathism.
- Teeth that are broken or missing by accident will be not penalized.
- White spots on the body, i. e. between the withers and the tail, on the sides between the elbows and the back part from the hindquarters, for all colors.
- Dog males must have two testicles for a natural appearance completely descended into the scrotum.
- Only healthy dogs capable of performing the functions for which they have been selected, and whose morphology is typical of the breed can be used for breeding.