doberman dog breedsdate of publication of the valid official standards: 13.11.2015
utilization: accompanying, protective and working dog.
classification FCI: Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer, Molosser and Swiss mountain dogs
Section 1: Pinscher and Schnauzer With work test.
SHORT HISTORICAL SUMMARY:The Doberman Race is the only german breed to bear the name of its first known breeder Friedrich louis doberman (2.1.1834 - 9.6.1894). After He was a tax collector, administrator of a knacker's yard and a, by the way, urban dog catcher, with the legal right to all to capture free-range dogs. For breeding, he mated from this reservoir of, particularly sharp dogs. The most important role in the formation of the doberman breed, the so-called "Fleischerhunde" (butcher's dogs), which were already as a relatively thoroughly bred "race".
could be viewed. These dogs were a kind of forerunner of the of today's Rottweiler mixed with a kind of shepherd dog, which in Thuringia in black with a rust-red badge was present. With of the here enumerated mixture of dogs, Dobermann has in the 70s of the 19th century.
He received thereby "his race", i.e. working dogs, which are not alone vigilantly but also "manifest Hof- und Haushunde" (man-solid yard and house-dogs) were. they were used a lot as herding and police dogs. the numerous use in the police service led at that time to the It's called a "gendarmerie dog." With the hunt, they became predominantly to fight the predator. among it was almost inevitable that the new system would be able to doberman already at the beginning of the 20th century as a police dog was officially recognized.
The doberman breeding strives for a medium-sized, strong and muscularly built dog, who despite all substance in the lines of the body reveal elegance and nobility. He should be a companion, protection and working dog as well as a family dog in a special way.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: The doberman is a
medium in size, strong and muscular. Due to the elegant the lines of his body, the proud posture, the temperamental beings and the expression of determination, it corresponds to the idea of a dog.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: The building of the dobermann appears almost square, this is especially true for males. The Length of the trunk (sternum to ischial tuberosity) should be the height at withers not more than 5% in males and not more than 5% in females exceed more than 10%.
Behavior/ CHARACTER (BEING): The basic mood of the Dobermanns is friendly peaceful, very in the family clingy. A medium temperament and a medium sharpness. Furthermore, an average stimulus threshold is demanded. With good leadership and work enthusiasm of the dobermanns is about performance, courage, and hardness. with appropriate attention to the environment, the following is important to attach particular importance to self-confidence and intrepidity.
SUPERHEAD: Strong, matching the building. Seen from above the head corresponds to a blunt wedge. The transverse line of the vertex should be almost horizontal when viewed from the front, i.e. not to be and the ears. The almost straight in continuation to the bridge of the nose the parietal bone line falls towards the neck in a slight curve off. The eyebrow arches are well developed without protruding.
The forehead furrow is still visible. The occipital bone should not be-be conspicuous. Viewed from the front and top, the side surfaces may be of the head do not appear protruding (backward).
The slight lateral curvature of the upper jaw and cheekbones It must be fitted with the full length of the head. The Muscles of the head are strongly developed.
Stop: The forehead heel is low but clearly visible.
nose: nose well developed, more broad than round. and with large apertures, without protruding altogether. With black dogs, it is black, with brown ones it is correspondingly with a lighter shade.
Muzzle: The muzzle must be in proportion to the skull. and strongly developed. The muzzle is deep, the cleft should be far up to the molars. A good catch width must also be maintained in the area of the upper and lower incisors must be present.
Lips: They should lie firmly and smoothly on the jaws and should have a tight closure of the oral fissure. dark Pigmentation, with a brown slightly lighter tint.
Jaws/Teeth: Stronger, broad upper and lower jaw. scissor bite, 42 teeth according to the tooth pattern, normal Size.
Eyes: medium in size, oval and dark in color. For brown Dogs are allowed a slightly lighter shade. Good fitting Eyelids. margin hairy.
Ears: The untreated ears have an appropriate Size; set on laterally at the highest point of the skull, they ideally lie on the cheeks.
NECK: Good length in relation to the body and head. It is dry and muscular. The lines are ascending and bent pleasingly. His posture is upright and shows much nobility.
Withers: He should be particularly with the males in height and length and thereby the back-line the one from the croup from the course of the disease. Be short and steady, with good width and strong muscles.
Lumbar region: Of good width and well muscled. The bitch can be a little longer in the lumbar region, as it is not necessary for the space required.
Croup: It should be small from the sacrum towards the root of the tail, hardly perceptibly fall off; thus appears well rounded, is neither straight nor conspicuously sloping. Good width with strong Musculature.
Breast: The length and depth of the breast must be in the right proportion to the length of the fuselage, the depth should be with slightly curved ribs reach almost half the height at the withers. The chest is from good width and especially pronounced towards the front (forecast).
Lower profile line and belly: From the end of the sternum to the pelvis. the abdominal wall is clearly tucked up.
RUTE: The rod remains in its natural state and is ideally used in carried upwards with a slight bow.
General: The forelegs are almost visible from all sides. straight, i.e. perpendicular to the ground, and are strong.
Shoulder: The shoulder blade lies firmly against the ribcage, is
both sides of shoulder blade bones well muscled and towering above the spinous processes of the thoracic angles. As oblique and good as possible.
the angle to the horizontal is approx. 50°.
Upper arm: Good length with good muscling,
Elbows: Well-fitting, not turning out.
Forearm: Strong and straight, good muscling. Length in Harmony to the whole body.
Vordermittelfuβ: Bone strong, straight when viewed from the front, from the page only indicated inclination.
Front paws: The paws are short and closed. The toes are arched upwards (cat paws); nails short, black.
General: Viewed from behind, the Dobermann appears to be his pronounced pelvic musculature in hip and croup wide and rounded. The from the pelvis to the thigh and lower leg muscles result in a good development of width, even when in the thigh area, in the knee area, and on the lower leg.
The strong hind legs are straight and parallel.
Thighs: Good length and width with strong muscles.
Good angulation at the hip joint. Angulation to the horizontal about 80° - 85°.
Knee: The knee joint is strong and is supported by the upper and lower knee. lower leg and the kneecap.
Lower thigh: Medium length, in harmony with the overall length of the Hindquarters.
Hock joint: Medium strong, parallel. The lower leg bones connect in the ankle joint with the metatarsal bone.
Hintermittelfuβ: It is short and perpendicular to the ground.
Hind paws: Like the front paws, the toes of the hind paws are also short.
Limbs short, arched and closed. Nails short, black.
GANGWER: The movement is both for performance, as well as for the exterior of special importance. The gait is elastic, elegant, agile, free and expansive. The forelegs swing forward as far as possible. The hindquarters give far-reaching and spring-loaded the required thrust. The foreleg of one and the hind leg of the other side is simultaneously moved forward. is being led. Good strength of the back, ligaments, and joints.
SKIN: The skin is tight and well pigmented.
Hair: The hair is short, hard and dense. It is firm and smooth to the touch and is evenly distributed over the entire surface. The undercoat is not admissible.
Color: Doberman comes in two kinds of colors:
Black or brown with rusty red, sharply defined and clean fire. The fire is on the muzzle, as a stain on the cheeks and above the eyebrow arches, at the throat, two Stains on the chest, midfoot and paws, on the Insides of hind thighs, anus, and ischial tuberosity.
SIZE AND WEIGHT: Height in the withers of the male dog: 68 - 72 cm.
Bitches: 63 - 68 cm. Medium size desired.
Weight : males : approx. 40 - 45 kg.
Bitches: approx. 32 - 35 kg.
ERROR: Any departure from the foregoing points must be corrected as appropriate. are regarded as defects, the evaluation of which is described in detail in the should be proportionate to the degree of deviation and its influence on the health and well-being of the dog to and its ability to carry out the required work typical of the breed to provide.
- Lack of sex imprint. Little substance, too light, too heavy, superscript, weak bones.
- The head is very strong. Very tight, very short too, and very long. stop, Ramsgate, strongly sloping parietal line, weak trained lower jaw, round or slit eye, light eye, Cheeks too strong, lips not close, open or too deep-lying eye, low set ears; open mouth angles.
- Back not straight, lower back, carp back, not sufficient depth or width of chest, low set tail, Falling croup, abdominal line too little / too strongly tucked up.
- Limbs: too little angulation of the forehand, hindquarters. too little or too much angulation. Loose elbows; a teenager and toe wide stand, cow hessian/bass legged stand of the Hindquarters, open or soft paws, atrophied toes, light toes Nails.
Hair coat: too light, not sharply defined, unclean
(sooty) fire, mask too dark, large black spots on the runs, hardly visible or also too big breast-stains. Long, soft, dull and wavy hair as well as hair-poor hair. and bare patches.
- Other sizes from the standard size up to 2 cm are possible due to punishing a reduction in the form value.
- Unharmonic gait, especially passport gait.
DISQUALIFYING ERRORS :
- Aggressive or excessively anxious dogs.
- Dogs which clearly show physical abnormalities or have behavioral disturbances must be disqualified turn
- Yellow eye (bird of prey eye), different colored eyes.
- Forebite, pincer bite, backbite and under a number of teeth according to the dental schema.
- White spots, distinct undercoat.
- Dogs that are more than 2 cm from the standard size down. or deviate above.
- Male dogs must have two apparently normally developed testicles. which are completely in the scrotum.
- Only functionally and clinically healthy animals should be used for breeding, typical dogs of the breed are used The latest changes are in bold.