hookworms in dogs diagnosis and prevention

hookworms dogs diagnosis
hookworms in dogs 

hookworms in dogs diagnosis and prevention

ancylostoma is hookworms that are located in the intestine hail and can cause disease in dogs, cats, and foxes. The head of this worm is lined with an armed mouth capsule of hooks. all species feed by fixing themselves on the intestinal mucosa and "grazing" it, which damages its surface. Infestations are observed most often in animals with an area of out, like in a kennel.

Distribution:
In Europe, three important species of hookworms
are common: Ancylostoma can in (dog),
A. tubeform (cat) and Uncinaria stencephala (dog
and rarely in cats). A. can is present in Central and southern Europe, and A. tube forme in Europe
continental. Uncinaria stencephala is known as the name of northern hookworm because it supports climates cold, but it is present throughout Europe.
Life cycle management Large worms are present in the small intestine where lay eggs that are then excreted in the stool.

Larvae emerge from the eggs and develop in the
environment into infectious L3 larvae. These larvae are then ingested and developed in 2 to 3 weeks to form adult worms.
hookworms, including ancylostoma spp.
and larvae can also penetrate the skin and migrate to the intestines. It is very unlikely that this infectious route plays a major role in the life cycle of U. stenocephala.


baby animals that suckle can be infected by a. caninum through larvae gets found in breast milk.
Clinical symptoms diarrhea, weight loss, and anemia are the most common causes of diarrhea.
the most common clinical symptoms and, in the
cases of a. caninum and a. tubeform, diarrhea
may contain blood. Skin lesions can occur on the plantar pads of the dog and cat, due to because larvae bury themselves in the skin.


Transmission of larvae of a. caninum and a. tubal form through breast milk can lead to acute and potentially fatal anemia for baby animals.

Diagnosis:
They are detected by prospecting for eggs
of hookworms in a stool sample, fresh or fixed, using a flotation method. at baby animals, the diagnosis can be made difficult because of symptoms of illness can occur before the infestation is become patented, in other words, before eggs are excreted in the stool.


Processing:
after exposure, immunity develops,
but it's very likely it's not absolute. that's why the animals that live in a highly contaminated environment, must regularly be dewormed against hookworms. in places where young people animals have a clinical infection, additional treatment may be required, in parallel with the administration an anthelmintic.


Prevention and control:
a permanent program consisting of a treatment
and management is necessary for dogs and
cats that come into an environment contaminated such as exit areas and kennels. processing is necessary here and, to the extent that as far as possible, the animals must be transferred in a clean environment, the time to disinfect the contaminated environment.


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