pug dog breeds- group 9: corporate and companion dogs
- section 11: small doglike dogs without a work test
- Origin: China
- Patronage: Great Britain
- Alternative names: Pug, Carlin, Carlino, Dogville
- Weight: ideal 6,3-8,1 kg
- Varieties: Lightfalbfarben with black mask, Black, silver, Apricot with black mask
- List of domestic dogs
- The pug is one of the FCI's recognized English dog breed (FCI group 9, section 11, Standard No. 253).
- originally from China about 2000 years ago from
Dog-like dog bred
Emperor dog/ Privilege of the Emperor brachycephalic
- round head short muzzle brachycephalic syndrome
- Problems - Breathing / Thermoreg.
- Injury to the cornea
- pug-dog encephalitis (necrotic. meningoencephalitis) PDE always ends deadly
- puppies too big (cesarean section)
- umbilical cord
- Malformations of the tail and vertebrae.
TOPLINE & BODY:
The back is short to the high tail. The body is short and cobby, wide in the chest and well ribbed up. Undesirable: Low at the shoulders; roach or sway back; sloping croup; narrow chest; tuck up; lean, rangy body; subsidies; pigeon breast; too fat or too soft; skin either too tight or overdone.
Clarification: The body should give a strong impression of thick-set squareness.
The appearance of a short back is most desirable. Elbows should fit close to the body and should turn neither in nor out while the Pug is standing or moving. The top line should be level from withers to tail should be set high. The underline should continue the cobby appearance with no obvious tuck-up. a well ribbed-up Pug will have a broad chest with the sternum protruding forward of the front assembly; however, an abnormal projection of the breastbone (pigeon-breast) is undesirable. Moderate loose skin down the back is a matter of personal preference: the structure under the skin is the primary concern.
The wrinkles are large and deep. Clarification: The head wrinkles are important to the breed’s typical expression. The wrinkles of the forehead should be deep and, in fans, set off by a darkening within the folds of the wrinkles. Wrinkles can, however, conceal an incorrect skull shape. To properly judge the head, the lead should be dropped so the head is up naturally and the bone structure can be examined more easily. The surplus skin under the throat and around the face for a large fold and ruff.
The coat is soft, sleek, short, du-gloss, not stiff and not woolly. Single and double coats are both acceptable as long as they are not hard, long, or woolly. Guard hairs (when present) may be a little longer.
The colors are fawn or black. When the shaded color is selected, the contrast becomes complete Between color and mask. Disqualifies any unverified or black color. Or undesirable Foliage: incense. Undefined colors; "bleeding" from black places in fawn; saddles wide. With white spots. Black, gray or rusty cast. With white spots. Pugs should be judged with no preference for either fawn or black coat color. If the silhouettes are correct, the black Pug’s outline is an advantage over the fawn’s. If the silhouettes are equally faulty, the black will appear faulty to a greater degree. The black color also gives the optical illusion of finer bone, less substance, and smaller size. For this reason, the judge must give particular attention to the black’s head and substance to ascertain that all necessary quality are present and are not overlooked. A few white hairs found on the chest of either fawn or black are permissible on an otherwise excellent specimen. As both colors age, they may develop frosting on the muzzle. This should not be penalized. Correct Expression and bite.
Fawn is from apricot to silver and all shades between. The coat may, or may not, include black guard hairs. Smuttiness is when the coat has an overlay of black over the fawn. This usually does not cover The whole dog sometimes appears like a blanket on the back. There may also be darker coloring on the legs. Smuttiness is a fault, not a disqualification. Black is just that – black. Sometimes you will see a black Pug with a red cast to their coat. This is usually due to sunburn and is not a disqualification.
The ears thin, small, soft, like black velvet. There are two kinds – the “rose” and the “button”. Preference is given to the latter.Flying button ears; light-colored ears; ears set too high or too low; ears too thick or too large.
The ears should be set wide on the head. The fold of the button ear is level with the top of the skull. When alert, the ear should not drop below the corner of the eye. The rose ear in the Pug appears smaller and is folded with the front edge against the side of the head (the inner burr should not show as it does in the Bulldog). Flying button ears are not rose ears. The rose ear is small and neat and tends to give the head a smaller, more rounded look. The size and shape of the ear should be in balance with the overall size and shape of the head. Both ears should be of the same type. Ears must be black.
Eyes are dark, very large, prominent, spherical, soft, shiny, excited, undesirable White around the eyes; almond shaped, squinted, or bulging eyes; east-west, close-set, or high-set eyes. Very Undesirable Light colored or small eyes.
A Pug’s expression is largely dependent on it’s big, dark, appealing eyes. Eyes should be large, bold, and globular, but not bulging. At rest, the expression should be benign, intelligent and affectionate; when alert, the expression should be keen, curious, and very sparkling, showing a love of mischief. While the standard makes no mention of eye position, it is accepted that the eyes should be set well apart. The center of the eyes should be in line with the top of the nose. Rims are black and usually encompassed by the black mask in the fawn Pug. East-west eyes are sometimes found, especially in young puppies. Expression (size, shape, and color of eyes) is the primary consideration.
Feet and Pasterns:
The patterns are strong, neither steep nor down. The feet are not as long as the rabbit's foot, nor so Such as a cat's foot. Well, split toes, nails black. Dewclaws are generally removed. Undesirable Straight or broken down pasterns; flat feet; splayed feet; white nails.
A Pug’s feet are more oval than round with well split-up toes and thick pads. The nails are black.
The legs are very strong straight with moderation with length and well positioned underneath. The two attachments are directly under the shoulders when seen from the side. The shoulders are moderately laid back. Undesirable Steep shoulders; short upper arms; fiddle front; bone too fine or overdone; legs too short or too long; lack of forecast.
“Very strong” means substantial bone and hard muscle. Viewed from the front, legs must come straight down from elbow. Some pugs have a muscle buildup on the outside of the forelegs which is permissible only if the inside lining of the leg is straight. The pug should never give the impression of a bowed front. Viewed from the side, elbows should lie close to the ribs. The back of the elbow should be directly under the point of the withers, thus setting the legs ” well under “. The chest should be rounded out past the point of shoulder.
showing no weakness in the patterns, the paws landing squarely with the central toes straight ahead. The real action should be strong and free through Strings and strangulation, and no presence of the twists or turns in the joints The hind legs should follow in line with the front. There is a slight natural convergence of the limbs both fore and aft. a slight roll of the hindquarters His walk will be free, confident of himself, and silly.
The Pug should be moved at a collected trot on a loose lead as befits a companion dog. Long, sweeping strides as in a Sporting dog would not characteristic of a dog with the build of a Pug. The slight “convergence of the limbs” occurs as speed increases.
square shape. The clay, with short legs and long body, is an equal trap place. Undesirable A lean, leggy, terrier-type Pug or one with short legs and a long body.
The Pug should give a strong impression of squareness when viewed from any angle. Cobby means short bodied, thickset and square. All of the parts must fit together to form a harmonious unit. The most important concept to remember is square.
The head is large, massive, round- not apple-headed, with no indentation of the skull. Undesirable Domed skull; lack of balance; faced; protruding nose.
The head should be broad and round when viewed from the front and flat when viewed from the side, neither faced (too much chin) nor down faced (not enough chin). A large head is essential but a head so large as to be out of balance with the rest of the dog is as unappealing as a small head. The Pug’s head must be in proportion to the whole dog.
The strong, strong background has a moderate curve of throttle and short hocks perpendicular to the ground. The legs are parallel when viewed from behind. The hindquarters are in balance with the forequarters. The thighs and buttocks are full and muscular. Feet as in front. Straight or exaggerated stifles; fine or overdone bone; legs too short or too long; cow hocks; toeing in or out; thin thighs; narrow rear;
Clarification: Pugs should have strong, powerful hindquarters. They should have large, full, muscular thighs and buttocks with a moderate bend of stifle and short hocks. The hocks should not extend much beyond the point of the rump and should be perpendicular to the ground. Viewed from above, the rear should be approximately as wide as the shoulders.
The markings are clearly defined. The muzzle or mask, ears, moles on Blush, thumb mark in the front, should backtrace be as black as possible. The mask should be black. The more intense and well defined it is, the better. The trace is a black line extending from the occiput to the tail.
Fawn: lack of distinct demarcation (bleeding) between black and fawn areas; pale or washed-out pigment in the black points.
Fawn: This portion of the Standard refers only to the fawn colored Pug. The mask should be as black as possible. There must be a distinct separation between the black markings and the fawn, not a gradual smutty shading from one to other. Ears should be densely black to the base. The moles on the cheeks should be noticeably black. The diamond or thumb mark, which is called for in the Standard, is not always seen. Ideally, the fawn head wrinkles appear to be ‘outlined’ in black, which sets off the thumb mark. The trace is a narrow dark line that extends along the spine from the occiput to the tail. This characteristic has largely disappeared. Today, a trace may best be defined as a definite darkening of coat color along the spine. The trace should never be confused with saddling or smut.
Although the standard does not mention the nose, a short discussion is necessary. The nose is black, wide, and lies flat, bisecting the eyes. The stop is concealed by an overdose wrinkle. An unbroken wrinkle over the bridge of the nose unifies the face. A skimpy or split nose roll on an otherwise splendid specimen is permissible.
Undesirable: Dudley or butterfly nose; pinched nostrils; split or lack of nose roll.
Clarification: Pugs labeled “correct” have the correct nose and nose roll. The clay name is unclear; it has a lot of noise, low nose range, and split nose wrinkle. These traits are less desirable