WHAT IS RESCUE?
In the woods, under the snow or in the middle of rubble...
whatever the terrain, the rescue dog must be able to find a victim as soon as possible, with the complicity of his master. Discover this impressive canine activity, which has its own
tests within the Working Group and which is part of the National Use Commission
WHAT IS RESCUE?
Rescue is a canine activity varied and adapted to many breeds of dog, with several disciplines:
- The surface is a search without an index of
the departure of one or more lost persons
on a wooded or semi-wooded plot of land. The animal will endeavor to identify all persons detected during its search;
- Tracking is based on an index, i.e. any clothing that has belonged to the victim, which the animal will have identified by its the sense of smell in order to retrace the victim's journey to the discovery of the victim;
- The rubble is a search without an index of one or more persons buried under construction materials
(concrete, stone, earth, etc.). The dog will have to
evolve on a chaotic terrain;
- Avalanche is a specialty that sterilizes generally, the winter in the mountains and is a search for the person(s) buried under a thick layer of snow. For this type of research, it is important to have some
notions of the environment;
- As for the last specialty "Water", it's a search for people in difficulty in the aquatic environment. Without really identify the victim, the dog will have to grab the latter in order to bring her back to shore. as you have seen, each discipline has its own particularities and it is, therefore, essential to be aware of your own abilities to practice this type of activity.
WHAT IS A GOOD RESCUE DOG?
To be good at Rescue, the dog must be naturally curious, sociable with humans, indifferent to artifice and extremely to facilitate his learning. He
must also show some sense of the initiative. It is, therefore, necessary to avoid any dog lymphatic, unmotivated, fearful, hunter, fighter, and extremely aggressive with humans, since, with this type of dog, you will have a lot of difficulties
during the learning process and finally very little
of results. It is important for a trainer to optimize the qualities of a good dog and not to spend his time working on an animal that, at the base, did not bring together not the essential qualities of a dog of research but on the other hand may prove to be a very good companion dog. Passing her
time on an animal with low capacity is reveals little motivation, both for the handler and the dog, and will ask the trainer for more work without getting a real satisfaction. It is therefore important to choose your companion in a breeding farm
with a selection for use (Hunting, Ring, RCI, Mondioring, Tracking...).
Moral, enjoy yourself with a dog with the highest quality, otherwise, do the best you can.
Then, know how to find as much information as possible about the specialty you want to do. It is important that you are able to choose your orientation according to the animal's abilities and the pleasure you will have in practice a specialty. To make a discipline requires time and does not require pleasure and a constraint for you and your pet. You should also know that a rescue dog must
carry out some disciplinary exercises in order to
to always be attentive to his master. Without
discipline the animal will have no regularity on
the whole of his career regardless of the is the specialty you have chosen.
The regularity of a rescue dog, all at the throughout his career, is of a complex nature
since it also involves other factors.
As a first step, it is important to take into consideration the specific factors in research, i. e. the wind (the origin, the force, direction, etc.) then the type of terrain (its nature and difficulties) and time that he will do during this research.
Then, the factors specific to the animal and more
particularly age, sex, lineage (heritabilityéh²) and then follow the breeding conditions and training, which is of course essential. And to finish this little list, the conditions of a day, i. e. if the animal is fit to go on a search of a person on this day among many others.
Finally, in Rescue as in many of dog-loving disciplines, the dog is not the only factor of success... the master counts just as much! I have noticed, since my beginnings in 1984, a number of drivers have difficulty analyzing failures and more
particularly successes, which raises a question of
a number of problems in the management of a dog-loving career. It is quite obvious that I didn't kidnap the truth, but he did.
seems important that a master can have the ability
hindsight, a certain sense of observation and especially not to be inhabited by his ego when a
year ends. This will greatly facilitate relationships
dogman all over the place throughout the years of
complicity and work for good results.
while respecting his animal's abilities and the people who have helped you to evolve.
THE IMPORTANCE OF LEARNING THE DESIGNATION:
It is important to define quickly and before practicing one of the specialties the method of designation that the dog will have to make when it is discovered, i.e. how to report a victim during a search. There are four options available to you. The barking on the victim is a designation widely used in France for discoveries. The second possibility is what is called free designation, which consists of the animal designating the victim by a position in front of the master to report any discovery. As for the third, more broadly
used in the Nordic countries is the dog taking a small piece of wood or a pudding, more commonly known as Bringsel, hung on his necklace that he took care to take in his as soon as a victim is detected. The last method is called scratching and is used in an avalanche and a little bit in rubble when the barking is more discreet
due to the animal's fatigue. The last two methods are to notify the master that a victim has been discovered and that at the end the master and the dog must go up again by the most direct route to the designated person.
The designation is generally practiced in groups when it comes to barking (collective excitement with a mix of young and old dogs who know how to bark) and individually when it comes to concerns the free designation, the taking of the Bringsel and the scraping. The difficulty is essential that the animal does this exercise perfectly because if it is not acquired, the discovery of a victim may be folkloric. It is therefore important to be supervised by
a competent person to ensure that this designation is fully understood by the dog.