addison disease in dogs
addison disease in dogs
several breeds and mixed breeds are predisposed to have Addison's disease, however, the breeds that seem to be most affected are standard poodles, Portuguese water Dogs, Labrador retrievers, West Highland White Terriers, Great Danes, Saint Bernard Dogs, Pointers German shorthaired, Bearded collars, Retrievers of ducks from Nova Scotia. We note that There is also an increased incidence of the disease in Labradoodles and Goldendoodles.
When properly medicated, dogs with Addison's disease have a long life span normal, are healthy and can do everything other dogs can do. Once in a while recovered from the initial Addison crisis, they can even return to their normal activities such as agility competitions, sports, therapy dogs or any other activities for which they have been trained.
The only exception is that the dog suffering from Addison should no longer be involved in breeding.
The treatment is easy to manage and can be financially reasonable.
The symptoms of Addison's disease may be vague and resemble the symptoms of several other diseases. Perhaps you have already observed some or all of the symptoms listed below. You have even noticed that your dog does not behave as normal, however, you can't deduce from the cause. Symptoms may appear, then disappear over a period of time that can last for months or even years. Addison's disease is known as "The Great Pretender". It mimics many other diseases very well, which can happen, unfortunately, to delay obtaining a firm diagnosis or sometimes an erroneous diagnosis. a delay in the diagnosis and treatment of Addison's disease can be fatal for the animal.
- Muscle weakness
- Lack of appetite
- Weight loss
- Diarrhea, sometimes with blood in the stool
- Intolerance to exercise
- Excessive thirst and urination
- Low heart rate
- Changes in hair texture or quantity
DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT:
ACTH is the only test that can conclusively detect Addison's disease and the test consists of stimulation of the adrenal glands and measurement of cortisol levels. In principle, the diagnosis should also include blood tests.
An animal that simply shows a cortisol deficiency will receive a supplement as treatment glucocorticoid, such as Prednisone. We refer to this type of Addison as the Atypical Addison.
blood test results that show a cortisol deficiency in addition to aldosterone will indicate low sodium and high potassium. We refer to this type from Addison to the typical Addison. High potassium levels require immediate treatment to stop the rise in levels, otherwise, the condition could become fatal. In the majority of in some cases, parents of dogs have already identified a health problem and have sought care from treating veterinarians. Following the diagnosis, some attending veterinarians will choose to quickly restore electrolyte disorders and will treat the animal under infusion to restore blood levels to a normal level. The treatment of the typical Addison consists of an injection of Percorten or Zycortal at
monthly intervals and a daily dose of prednisone. Another treatment often adopted is to prescribe Florinef tablets that are given every day. The treatment chosen is determined according to the country of residence as well as the availability of the mentioned drugs.