dog breeds dachshund

dog breeds dachshund

dachshund
dachshund 

ORIGIN: Germany.
OFFICIAL STANDARDS: 13. 03. 2001.
CLASSIFICATION FCI: Group 4 Dachshunds. With work test.

HISTORICAL SUMMARY: 

the basset dog, also the dachshund or dachshund has been known since the middle ages. bracken has continuously bred dogs, which are especially suitable for underground hunting. From this low-running dogs, the dachshund crystallized out, which as one of the most versatile hunting dog breeds. he also shows excellent performances over the earth, as in noisy hunting, in the rummaging and on the Schweiβfährte.
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The oldest breeding club for dachshunds is the Deutsche Teckelklub 1888. e.V. The Dachshund has been used for decades in 3 different sizes (dachshunds, dwarf dachshunds, rabbit dachshunds) and in 3 different types of hair (short hair, rough hair, and long hair) bred.

GENERAL APPEARANCE: 
Low, short, elongated, but compact figure, very muscular, with bold the challenging posture of the head and attentive facial expression. gender-typical overall appearance. despite the in relation to the long body of short limbs very short agile and agile.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: 
at a ground clearance of about one-third of the height at the withers, the length of the body should be in a harmonic relationship to the height at withers, about 1 to 1.7 to 1,8.

Behavior/CHARACTER: in essence friendly, neither anxious nor aggressive, with balanced temperament. Passionate, persistent, fine-nosed and agile hunting dog.

HEAD: Elongated, seen from above and from the side, evenly narrowing to the nasal sponge, however not pointed. Eyebrow arches clearly developed. nasal cartilage and nose tip long and narrow.

TOP OF THE HEAD:
Skull: Rather flat, gradually in the slightly curved
bridge of the nose running.
Stop: Indicated only.

FACIAL SKULL :
Nose: Well developed.
Muzzle: Long, sufficiently broad and strong. Wide to open, until height of eyes split.
Jaws/Teeth: Strongly developed upper and lower jaw. scissor bite, regular and full closing. ideally
full-tooth with 42 teeth according to the tooth formula, with strong, precisely interlocking canines.

Lips: Tightly fitting, covering the lower jaw well.
Eyes: Mittelgroβ, oval, well apart, with a clear,
energetic yet friendly expression, not stinging. Colour bright dark red-brown to black-brown for all colors of the dogs. Glass eyes, fish eyes or pearl eyes in spotted dogs are not desired, but tolerated.

Ears: High, not set too far forward, sufficient, but not too strong. exaggeratedly long, rounded, flexible, with front hem close to the cheek.

NECK: Sufficiently long, muscular; firm throat skin; with slightly arched neck, free and carried high.

BODY :
Upper profile line: Harmonious from neck to slightly curved the croup is running down.
Withers: Pronounced.
back: after the high withers in the course of the other, the thoracic vertebra is straight or slightly inclined backward. firm and well-muscled.
Loins: strongly muscled, sufficiently long.
croup: broad and sufficiently long, slightly sloping.
chest: Well pronounced sternum and so protruding, daβ itself show slight pits on both sides. the thorax is from the front seen oval, seen from above and from the side groβräumig, heart, and lungs allowing full development, far backward ribbed. with the correct length and angulation of the shoulder blade and upper arm, the foreleg covers the lowest point in the side view
of the chest line.

Underline and belly: Slightly tucked up.
TUTE: Not set too high, an extension of the backline.carried. In the last third of the tail is a slight curvature permissible.

General condition: strong muscles, good angles. Looking towards the front dry, straight forelegs of good bone strength, with straight forward facing paws.
Shoulder: Plastic muscled. Long, oblique lying
shoulder blade close to the chest.

Upper arm: Same length as the shoulder blade, almost in the chest. at a right angle to it standing, with strong bones and well-muscled, close to the ribs, but free to move.

Elbows: Neither turning in nor out.
Forearm: Short, but so long, daβ the ground distance of the dog. is about a third of his height at the withers. as straight as possible.

Pastern: The Vordermittelfuβ should see from the side, neither be steep nor conspicuously directed forward.
Forefeet: toes close together, well arched, with
strong, resistant, well-cushioned bales and short, strong claws. the fifth toe has no function, but must not be removed.

HINDQUARTERS
General condition: strong muscles, the good direction forward. knees and hocks strongly angulated, hind legs parallel, neither still far apart.
Upper thigh: Take a good and strong length.
Knee: Broad and strong with pronounced angulation.
Lower thigh: Short, approximately right-angled to the thighs are upright, well-muscled.
Hock joint: Strongly sinewy and dry.
Hock: Relatively long, movable towards the lower thigh, slightly bent forward.
Hind feet: Four toes close together, well arched. Full-on the strong bale fuβend.

GANGWER: The motion sequence is to take up space, flieβend and be full of verve, with a wide, ground-level protrusion, powerful thrust, and a slightly springy transmission to the backline cause. the rod is supposed to be in the harmonic extension of the backline, slightly sloping, to be carried. inaction are forequarters and hindquarters reaching out parallel?
SKIN: Tight fitting.

HAIR COAT SHORT-HAIRED :
Hair: Short, dense, shiny, smooth, close-fitting, firm and hard, nowhere showing hairless spots.
RUTE: Fine, full but not too abundantly hairy. Somewhat longer Grannen hair on the underside is not faulty. Colour: a) Unicoloured: red, reddish-yellow, yellow, all with or without black stitching. However, pure color is preferable and red
more valuable than red-yellow and yellow. also, strong black stung dogs fall in this subheading and do not fall within the scope of the of a different color. Weiβ is not desired but in individual small
Stains do not ausschlieβend. nose and claws black; reddish-brown is also permissible, but not desired.


b) Two-coloured: deep black or brown, each with
rust brown or yellow markings (fire) above the eyes, on the sides of the muzzle and the lower lip, at the inner edge of the curtain, on the for chest, on the inner and rear sides of the barrels, on the paws, around the anus and from there to about a third to the half the underside of the rod. nose and claws in black dogs black, brown dogs brown. white is not desired but in some small spots, not disqualify. One too strong widespread fire is undesirable.

(c) Spotted (tabby, tabby): the ground color is
always the dark color (black, red or grey). desirable are unregelmäβige grey but also beige stains (not desired are groβe records). neither the dark nor the light color is supposed to outweigh. the color of the tabby Dachshund is red or yellow with the dark current. nose and claws as with the in and out Two-tone.

RAUHHAAR:
Hair: With the exception of muzzle, eyebrows, and hangings on the whole body with undercoat interspersed, perfect gleichmäβig tight, tight, wiry topcoat. at the catch, a clearly pronounced beard appears. The eyebrows are bushy. The hair on the hangings is shorter than on the body, nearly smooth. good rod and gleichmäβig, close-fitting hairy.

Colour: Predominantly light to darker in color and
scrawny. Furthermore, the colors apply as with the short hair.


LONGHAIR :
Hair: The simple, shiny hair provided with undercoat, on the body lengthens under the neck and on the neck.
the underside of the body hangs over on the hanging, shows on the Behind the legs a clearly longer hairiness (feathering), reaches its gröβte length at the bottom of the rod and forms there a complete flag.
Colour: As described for short hair under a) to c). 

SIZE AND WEIGHT :
Dachshund: Chest circumference over 35 cm. Upper weight limit about 9 kg.
Dwarf dachshunds: Chest circumference over 30 to 35 cm, at the age of at least 15 months.
Rabbit cutlets: Chest circumference up to 30 cm, at the age of not less than15 months.

ERROR: Any departure from the foregoing points shall be are regarded as defects, the evaluation of which is described in detail in the should be proportionate to the degree of deviation and its influence on the health and well-being of the dog is to note.
The M3 remains unchanged during the assessment is disregarded.
The absence of two PM1 is not considered an error to value.
The absence of a PM2 is to be regarded as an error if, in addition to the M3 no further teeth are missing, as well as a deviation from the correct closing scissor bites such as the pincer bite.

SEVERE MISTAKES :
- Weak, running up or dragging on the ground.
- Tooth defects other than under defects or excluding defects are described.
- Glass eyes in dogs other than spotted dogs.
- Pointed, very wrinkled hangings.
- Bodies hanging in the shoulders.
- Back of the head, back of the carp.
- Weak lumbar region.
- Strongly overbuilt dog (croup stands higher than the withers).
- Too weak chest.
- Greyhound-nicely drew up the flank.
- Poorly angulated forequarters and hindquarters.
- Narrow, muscle-poor hindquarters.
- Cow horsehair, Faβbeinigkeit. 
Paws turned inwards or too much outwards.
- Spread toes.
- Clumsy, clumsy, waddling gait.

HAIR:
Shorthaired dachshund
- Too fine, thin hair; hairless areas on the hangings
(leather ears), other hairless spots.
- All too coarse, long hair.
- Brush rod.
- Partially or completely hairless tail.
Rough hair dachshund
- Soft hair, short or long.
- Long hair protruding from the body in all directions.
- Curly or wavy hair.
- Soft head hair.
- Flag red.
- Missing beard.
- Missing undercoat.
- Shorthair.
Long-haired dachshund
- All over the body evenly long hair.
- Wavy or shaggy hair.
- Absence of the flagged.
- Absence of overhanging hair on the hanging.
- Shorthair.
- Strongly parted hair on the back.
- Hair between toes too long.
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS:
- Aggressive or űbermässig anxious dogs 

Dogs that clearly show physical abnormalities or
Verhaltensstőrungen, műssen disqualified
will be.
- Vorbiβ, Rückbiβ, Kreuzbiβ.
- Malposition of the mandibular canines.
- Absence of one or more Canini or one or more
Incisive.
- The absence of other premolars or molars.
Exceptions:
The two PM1 or one PM2 mentioned under defects.
without consideration of M3.
- Offset chest.
- All rod faults.
- Very loose shoulders.
- Buckling in the Vorderfuβwurzelgelenk.
- The black color without fire; white color with or without fire.

Colors other than those listed under Colour.

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