origin of collie dogs

origin of collie dogs

collie dogs
origin of collie dogs

origin: Great Britain.
date of publication of the official standard in force: 08.10.2012.
USE: sheepdog.
FCI Classification: Group 1 sheepdogs and cattle dogs (except Swiss cowherds).
section 1 sheepdogs.


apart from the length of the hair, the long-haired collie and short-haired collie are identical. We consider that the breed has evolved from the dogs introduced into scotland by the romans who crossed paths with native dogs. the purists may raise some subtle differences, but the fact is that both races were created very recently from the same livestock and, in reality, share lines that are still common to date. the long hairy collie is rather the version of the original working dog belonging to the scottish shepherd and from which it has been selected for about a hundred years at less. Many subjects can still work in a way that satisfactory if they have the opportunity. The message delivered is that despite its great beauty, the Collie remains a working dog.

GENERAL APPEARANCE: The collie must seduce by its great beauty, his dignified and impassive attitude, no part of his body is disproportionate to the overall picture. its construction is characterized by strength and activity; it must not be heavy or, in any way, shape or form, rude. The expression is most important. all in all, it is the result of the perfect balance and the harmony of the skull and muzzle, the dimension, the shape, the shape, the color and position of the eyes as well as the position and the wearing of ears.

Behavior/ CHARACTER:
Friendly disposition; no fear or aggression. Very good dog-friendly, cheerful and active, with good behavior towards children and other dogs.

HEAD: The characters of the head are of great importance and must be considered in relation to the size of the dog. seen from the front or in profile, the head has the shape of a well-defined corner, clearly truncated, with a smooth contour. The sides of the head go in gradually decreasing gradually and smoothly from the ears to the tip of the black truffle. The point located at an equal distance from the internal corners of the eyes (which is the center of a correctly placed stop sign) constitutes the center of the median of the head. The height of the skull, measured from the supraorbital arch at the submaxillary region is never excessive.

Skull: The skull is flat.
Stop: Light but noticeable.

Nose (nose): Still black.
Muzzle: The end of the smooth, well-rounded muzzle is truncated. but never square. The snout is not pinched.
Jaws/teeth: The teeth are of good size. The jawbone is strong and clearly defined. Jaws are strong and have a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, that's to say that the upper incisors overlap the lower ones in close contact and are implanted square to the jaws.

Cheeks: No zygomatic protrusion.
Eyes: The eyes are a very important characteristic in giving the dog a gentle expression.

they are of medium size (never very small), arranged somewhat obliquely; they are almond-shaped and colored dark brown, except in merle blues, where the eyes (one eye or two eyes or part of one or both eyes) are frequently blue or stained with blue. The expression is full of intelligence and, when the dog is attentive, the eyes are bright and alert.

Ears: The ears are small and not too close together at the top. of the skull neither too far apart. at rest, they are carried backward but, when the dog is attentive, they are brought forward and carried semi-erect, i. e. the ear is erect approximately in its first two thirds while the first third naturally falls forward naturally, below horizontal.

NECK: Must be muscular, powerful, of good length and well curved.
BODY: A little long in relation to the height at the withers.
Back: well supported.
Loin: Slightly arched.
Chest: the chest is high and fairly broad behind the shoulders. the ribs are well sprung.
TAIL: The tail is long and the caudal vertebrae reach the minus the articulation of the hock. It is carried low when the dog is quiet, but the tip rises slightly in a curve. when the dog is in action, the tail can be carried cheerfully but never on your back.

Shoulders: Oblique and well angulated.
Elbows: They are neither in nor out.
Forearms: Straight and muscular; bones are round and moderately round.

Front feet: Oval shaped with good pads. the fingers are arched and tight.

Thighs: muscular.
Stifle: Well bent.
Legs: well defined and muscular.
Hocks: well let down and powerful.
Hind feet: oval-shaped with good pads. the fingers are arched and tight. the hind feet are slightly less arched.

GAIT / MOVEMENT: the pace is characteristic of this breed. a collie that has good gaits never have their elbows out, and yet in action, his forefeet are relatively close together. he must do not knit, cross or roll in your paces at all. viewed from behind, the hind legs, from the hock joint to the ground, must be parallel but not too tight. the hind legs are powerful and give a lot of impetus. in profile, the look is united. we are looking for a reasonably long step; it must be light and seem quite easy. Good general construction is essential.

Hair quality: The hair follows the contours of the dog. it is very dense. the topcoat is straight and hard to the touch. the undercoat is soft, dense like fur and very tight, almost to the point to hide the skin. The mane and crop are very abundant. The hair is smooth on the snout, as well as to the tip of the ears; there is has more hair towards the base of the ear. The front members are well fringed; the fringes of the hind legs are abundant above the hocks but the hair is smooth under the hocks. the hair on the tail is very abundant.

Colour of the coat: Sable, sable and white, tricolor and merle blue.
Sable: all shades, from light golden to intense mahogany or sable shaded. Light straw or cream color is to be avoided.
Tricolour: black dominates with bright fire spots on the limbs and at the head. any rust nuance in the topcoat is to be proscribed.

Merle blue: Predominantly light, silvery blue, splashed and marbled in black. We'd prefer marks of high heat, but their absence should not be counted as a defect. Large one's black spots, slate color or rust shade, whether in the topcoat or in the undercoat, are to be avoided.

all colors above must be marked with white marks typical of collie, to a greater or lesser degree. the brands are correct: the full or partial necklace, the
chest, marks on the limbs and feet and at the end of the tail. There may be a white list on the chamfer or at the top or both. all white subjects where the white color predominates are highly undesirable.

Height at withers: Males: 56-61 cm
Females: 51-56 cm
FAULTS: Any deviation from the above must be
considered as a defect that will be penalized according to its seriousness and its consequences on the health and well-being of the dog and on his ability to do his traditional work.

- aggressive or fearful dog.
- any dog with obvious abnormalities
of a physical or behavioral nature will be disqualified.

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