ORIGIN: France
IN FORCE: 03.11.2014.
USE: Companion dog
F.C.I. CLASSIFICATION: Group 9 Pleasure and
Section 2 Poodle.

BRIEF HISTORICAL OVERVIEW: Etymologically, the word French "poodle" comes from "duck", the female duck. in other countries, this word refers to the action of splashing around. an Originally, this dog was used to hunt waterfowl. He is a descendant of the barbet and has kept many of its characters. in 1743, we called it "the poodle": female of the barbet. Subsequently on barbet and the Poodle were to be gradually separated. the breeders tried to obtain original and colored subjects uniform. the poodle has become very popular as a poodle dog the company, thanks to his friendly, cheerful and faithful character, but also thanks to its four sizes and different colors that each can choose according to his preference.

GENERAL APPEARANCE: Medium-line type dog with curly fur characteristic, looped or strung. the appearance of an intelligent animal, constantly alert, active, harmoniously built by giving an impression of elegance and pride.

the length of the muzzle is about 9/10 of that of the skull. the length (scapula-ischial) of the body is slightly longer than the height at the withers. the height of the withers on the ground is approximately equal to the height of the top of the croup on the ground. the height of the elbow to the ground corresponds to 5/9 from the height to the ground 

behavior/ TEMPERAMENT: 
The dog is known for its faithfulness, able to learn and be trained, which makes him a dog of, particularly pleasant company.

HEAD: Distinguished, straight, proportionate to the body. The head must be well chiseled, without heaviness but also without finesse excessive.

the entire skull, seen from above, appears oval and in profile. slightly convex. The axes of the skull and muzzle are slightly different. Superciliary arches moderately prominent, covered with long hair.

Forehead furrow: Wide between the eyes, decreasing towards the occiput, which is very accused. (In dwarves, it can be slightly less charged).

Stop: Not very marked but must not be erased under any circumstances.

Nose: Developed, with vertical profile line; open nostrils. black nose in black, white and grey subjects; brown in brown subjects. in wild animals, the truffle can be brown or black depending on the intensity of the color tawny. For light fawn-colored subjects, the nose should be as dark as possible.

Muzzle: Upper profile well straight, its length is about 9/10 of the one on the skull. The branches of the lower jaw are almost parallel. The muzzle is solid. the lower profile of the muzzle is given by the mandible and not by the edge of the lip higher.

Lips: Moderately developed, rather dry, thick with the upper lip resting on the lower lip, without falling back. black in black, white and grey subjects; brown in subjects brown. In orange fawn (apricot) and fawn subjects red, they are more or less dark brown or black. the lip corner should not be charged.

Jaws/Teeth: complete scissor bite. solid teeth.
Cheeks: not prominent, modeling on the bones. Suborbital regions chiseled and not very full. zygomatic arches very slightly protruding.

Eyes: Of fiery expression, located at the height of the stop sign and slightly oblique. almond eyes. Black or dark brown. in the subjects, brown, eyes may be dark amber. black eyelid edge in black, white and grey subjects; brown in the brown subjects. In light fawn subjects, the edges of the eyelids should be as dark as possible.

Ears: Quite long, falling along the cheeks, set on the extension of a line from the top of the truffle passing through under the outer corner of the eye the slit is wide the attachment and rounded at the end, they are covered with hair wavy and very long. the skin of the auricle of the ear, when it is
carries forward, reaches the corner of the lips, ideally that he exceeds it.

NECK: Solid, slightly curved after the nape of the neck, long. medium, well proportioned. Proud head, carried high. neck without neck dewlap, oval section. the length is slightly less than the length of the head.

BODY: well proportioned. the length of the body is slightly longer higher than the height at the withers.
Topline: harmonious and well supported.
Withers: moderately developed. the height of the withers on the ground is approximately equal to that of the top of the croup on the ground.

Back: Short.
Loin: Firm and muscular.
Croup: Rounded, but not falling.

Chest: The end of the sternum should be slightly protruding and should be located quite high up. Chest: Lowered to elbow level; the width is equal to 2/3 of the height. In large poodles, the chest perimeter taken behind the shoulders must be superior at least 10 cm high at the withers. chest of oval section, wide at the dorsal part.

Lower line and belly: Raised without being lifted.
Set fairly high, at the height of the kidney line (carry ideal at 9:10 am in relation to the back line).

Overview: Perfectly straight and parallel, well muscled with the good bone structure. the height of the elbow to the ground is slightly higher than the height of the withers. Shoulder: Oblique, muscular. the shoulder blade forms with the humerus a the angle of about 110°.

upper arms: The length of the humerus is equal to the shoulder blade.
Carpus: In the anterior line of the forearm.
Pastern: Strong and almost straight seen from the side.

Forefeet: Rather small, firm, with a short oval. The fingers are well arched and tight. The pads are hard and thick. the nails are black in blacks and grays. They are black or brown in brown subjects. In whites, nails can be colored according to the whole range from horn to black in wild animals, they are brown or black; as dark as possible, depending on the color of the coat.

Overview: Parallel hind legs, seen from behind; developed and very visible muscles.
Upper thigh: well muscled and robust. the coxo-femoral angle must be right.

Knee (stifle): The femoro-tibial angle must be well marked.

Hock: The articulation of the hock is relatively well angulated (the angle tibiotarsal must be well marked).

Metatarsus: quite short and vertical. The poodle must be born without dewclaws on the hind legs.
Hind feet: See forelegs.

GAIT / MOVEMENT: The Poodle has a jumping and light gait.

SKIN: Soft, without laxity, pigmented. black poodles, chestnuts, greys, and orange or fawn foxes red must have pigmentation in accordance with the color of the coat. For whites, silvery skin is sought after.

Curly-haired poodle: abundant coat with a fine, woolly texture, well curled, elastic and resistant to hand pressure. It must be thick, well furnished, of uniform length, forming equal loops.

rope-haired poodle: Abundant coat, fine textured, woolly and tight, forming well-characterized cords. They must measure at least 20 cm.

Colour: Single-coloured coat: black, white, brown, grey, fawn.

the brown must be sustained, fairly dark, uniform and warm. the beige and its lighter derivatives are not allowed. The grey must be uniform, of a strong tone, neither blackish nor whitish. The beast must be of a uniform color. It can go from light fawn to fawn red through orange (apricot). Eyelids, nose, lips, gums, palates, natural orifices, scrotum, pads are finely pigmented. For subjects with a light tan color, all the pigmentation should be as dark as possible.

SIZE: In all cases, sexual dimorphism must be
Large Poodles: Over 45 cm and up to 60 cm with a
tolerance of 2 cm more. The large poodle must be the reproduction enlarged and developed the average poodle of which he keeps the same characteristics.

Medium poodles: Above 35 cm and up to 45 cm.
Dwarf poodles: Above 28 cm and up to 35 cm. The Poodle the dwarf must have the appearance of an average poodle as a whole reduced, maintaining as much as possible the same proportions and showing no sign of "dwarfism".

Poodles toys: Over 24 cm (tolerance of minus 1 cm) and up to 28 cm (ideal: 25 cm). The toy poodle preserves, as a whole, the appearance of the dwarf poodle and the same general proportions that meet all the requirements of the standard.

any sign of "dwarfism" is excluded, only the occipital crest can be a little less accused.

Any departure from the foregoing should be considered as a deviation from the above. which will be penalized according to its seriousness and its consequences on the health and well-being of the dog.

- Eyes too large and round, or sunk into the eye sockets, not dark enough.
- Ears too short (do not reach the corner of the ears lips).
- Whistle or pointed snout.
- Busqué chamfer.
- Curved or saddle back.
- Tail set too low.
- Swallowed rump.
- Back angles too straight or hyper angulation.
- Streamlined and elongated approach.
- Sparse, soft or hard hair.
- Undecided or non-uniform color.
- Nose partially depigmented.
- Lack of 2 PM2.

- Aggressive or fearful dog.
- Any dog with obvious abnormalities of order
physical or behavioral will be disqualified.
- Lack of type and in particular lack of head translating, in particular, a supply of blood foreign to the breed.
- Subject exceeding 62 cm for adults and less than 23 cm for adults toys.

- anuran dog or Brachyura.
- Dewclaws or traces of dewclaws on the hind legs.
- Any subject with signs of "dwarfism": globular skull, absence of occipital crest, very pronounced stop, prominent eye, snout too short and reworked.
- Median groove is practically non-existent.
- The very light bone structure in toys.
- Whip carried fully rolled up.
- Subjects whose dresses are not uncolored.
- Any white spots on the body and/or feet for every one subjects other than white.
- Totally depigmented nose.
- Overshot or undershot.
- Any tooth implantation problem that could lead to cause injuries to the dog (example: bad canine teeth implanted that touches the palate).
- Lack of an incisor or a canine or carnivorous tooth.
- Or Lack of a PM3 or PM4.
- Or Lack of 3 or more PMs (except PM1).

- Male dogs have two testicles in their natural appearance completely descended into the scrotum.

- Only healthy dogs capable of performing the functions for which they have been selected and whose morphology is typical of the breed can be used for breeding.

Standard additive
a poodle judgment on display is in no way a
the judgment of grooming competitions. Excessive grooming should not not be encouraged.

"Grooming: The poodle will be curly hair or addicted, mowed on the hindquarters to the ribs. Will also be mowed: the muzzle, above and below from the lower eyelids; the cheeks; the forelegs and hind legs, except cuffs Or bracelets and tassels at the back; and the tail, except around or oblong terminal pompom. the wearing of the mustache is indicated for all subjects. maintaining fur for members front, known as "trousers" is allowed.

Modern" toilet: Maintaining the four-limb fleece
is allowed on the express condition that the following standards are respected 

1. Will be mowed:
a) The bottom of the forelegs, from the nails to the
tip of the dewclaw, the bottom of the hind legs up to an equivalent height. The mower clearance, limited to fingers only is allowed.

b) The head and tail according to the rules previously described.

Will be exceptionally allowed in this toilet:
- The presence, under the lower jaw, of a short fleece does not exceed one centimeter in thickness and whose line must be cut parallel to the maxilla. the so-called "goatee" beard is not tolerated.
- The removal of the tail pompom.

2. Shortened hairs: On the body, to present on the dorsal line a more or less long moiré of at least one centimeter. the length of the fleece will be gradually increased around the ribs and upper limbs.

3. Fleece regularized:
a) On the head that remains with a helmet of height as well as on the neck when going down behind to the withers and in front, without discontinuity, to the shaved part of the foot along a slightly oblique line from the top of the chest. at the top of the ears and until of their length at most, the fleece can be shortened with scissors or sheared in the direction of the hair. the lower part will be left covered with hair of a length gradually increasing from top to bottom for end infringes that can be equalized.

(b) On limbs, trousers marking a clear transition
with the mowed part of the feet. the length of the hair gradually increases upwards to present, on the shoulder as on the thigh, a length of 4 to 7 cm
measured stretched hair, proportional to the size of the subject but by avoiding any "puffing". the back pants must allow the typical angulation of the poodle to stand out. any fantasy deviating from these standard norms is eliminatory. whatever the standard silhouette obtained by grooming, the latter must not influence the ranking in the exhibitions, all dogs of the same class must be judged and classified together.

English grooming: add to the "lion" toilet patterns on the hindquarters, i. e. bracelets and cuffs. On the head: a top-knot. For this toilet, the mustache is optional. a lack of demarcation on the fur of the hind legs is tolerated. The top-knot is optional (it is forbidden to use lacquer or any other product to hold this top-knot).

Puppy Toilet:
Taking up the different mowed points of the Modern on the head: a top-knot of moderate height the fur of the front part of the body is made of a ball, it forms an "egg" from the chest to the topknot. maintaining the so-called "trousers" fur on the limbs by letting the typical angulation of the poodle stand out. the tail, except for a pompom, must be oval or oblong, the grooming is longer than wide and the angles are rounded. scandinavian toilet or terrier Cup the cut is similar to that of the modern but the ears and the tail can be shaved.

Read more:10 interesting facts about poodles

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