how to provide health care for puppies at home
|health care for puppies|
make sure to secure your home for your
dog. remove any objects that may be ingested
by your pet: like young children, they are an all-rounder! the very first interactions you will have
with your puppy will establish the ground rules for
all his life. some general rules apply, but common sense and the willingness to adopt are to put on during the first contact.
familiarize yourself with the characteristics of the breed of your puppy. by doing so, you will refine your approach with relevance. a reliable website or books about your animal's breed are valuable sources of information.
always remain positive and affectionate towards your puppy. on the other hand, use candy to stimulate his reaction to training. for the newcomer, aggressiveness is synonymous with confusion and dullness. once your puppy has received all his first vaccines put him in contact with as many people and situations as possible. younger your puppy will have been exposed to different situations,
the better its adaptation will be. Take him with you during family outings so that he can meet friendly strangers. do not allow anyone to annoy or frighten your pet during these outings. close monitoring is required in this case.
be well-equipped bowls a good quality stainless steel bowl is highly recommended. plastic bowls must be regularly cleaned and should be able to go in the dishwasher.
a leash and a necklace:
most puppies will resist the collar and leash if they are not used to it when they are young. Necklaces constitute a real asset: it is possible to attach an identity label. avenue offers a wide range of necklaces and of all kinds of leashes.
a cage No, it's not a prison! a cage is the "bedroom" of your dog, a place where he can sleep and get to rest children who are too exuberant, in addition to being an adequate transport cage.
The cage can be fully screened or manufactured
made of plastic. mesh cages offer more social interaction and are generally less expensive. plastic cages, such as the pet cage cargo, also serve as transport cages. do not buy a cage that is too large; it should be long enough to accommodate the dog well when he is lying in a sphinx.
dog it toys offer a wide range of toys that will provide your dog with hours and hours of pleasure. a puppy has sharp fangs, capable of to tear apart almost any toy. the dura dog it toys contain 97% rubber, which makes them more resistant to your pet's teeth. check the toys for wear and tear and monitor how your pet uses them because they are not inedible dogs, like humans, need to feed to survive. a mixture of proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, vitamins, minerals and minerals and water is vital in feeding a dog. an adequate diet for dogs, always accompanied by clean and freshwater, is essential to maintain your companion in good health.
nutrients offer a wide range of products of high quality for dogs. canines are meat eaters and fat. the food nutrients for puppies and adult dogs take these specificities into account. the quality of the natural ingredients used remains unparalleled on the market. chicken flour and fat and hydrolyzed chicken used are the first choices. the rigorous formulation policies, ensuring that optimal performance and good stools are ideal when learning how to clean in a young puppy.
small breed dogs have a higher metabolism, so we should give them smaller portions, more often. In addition, the formulas for dogs from the small breed should be more nutritionally concentrated.
nutrients formulas for small breed dogs, of medium and large breeds are specially designed for these breeds.
Large or giant breed puppies are usually big eaters. a feeding schedule facilitates training from the first day. you can start feeding your puppy two times a day at about five months, respecting well the quantities. formulas for large breed puppies are weak in calcium and fat to match more in line with their growth rate, but medium breed formulas may also be suitable for small eaters as they will provide them with a good contribution in essential elements. the amount of food needed varies for each puppy. they must look like they're in health, have an inward waist and their ribs must be slightly covered with grease. avoid excesses of weight. give less food to the puppies on the more robust, without taking into account the guidelines on the packaging. feed more to the most vulnerable puppies thin, by increasing the amount of food and the fat and protein content that it contains. There is nothing to stop large breed puppies, who only have great nutritional needs, to full advantage of medium breed formulas or even for small breed, if necessary.
the free power supply can make it difficult to learn
cleanliness, as puppies will tend to eat when you're not around and they are bored. however, this may be necessary if your dog is a capricious eater or if you can't just be there often. as puppies grow older, the frequency of feeding becomes less important.
at around twelve weeks of age, you can start feeding them on a fixed schedule. He is preferable to feed most dogs three times per day until around twenty weeks of age.
Then, the physical condition and needs of each of you will indicate how to act. for better results, consult your veterinarian.
avoid changes in diet and do not confuse your dog's lack of appetite with a sign that he doesn't like his food. If it is in good standing health, it simply means that he does not need more food.
quality food must be given in smaller quantities
to meet the same needs nutritious. the changes in
food and too much food can encourage only the overfeeding and the risks of diarrhea. remember, we eat to live, we do not live to eat. Leave common sense, the health and appearance of your dog you dictate your approach. if you really believe that your dog would benefit from eating more, adding a little canned food is more advisable than completely change his food.
your puppy should always have fresh water at his range, but you should avoid that he drinks too much after the meal. give him a small amount and wait for him about forty-five minutes after a meal for him to offer a full bowl of freshwater. This will reduce the risks of diarrhea.
eating habits and learning cleanliness go hand in hand. the food of superior quality nutrients produces regular and predictable bowel movements. you do not it won't take long to learn exactly how long after the meal your dog will have to go to the area chosen as a toilet (preferably
outside). Watch for warning signs about ten minutes after eating.
Usually, the puppy will become distracted,
sniff the floor, walk-in circles, moaned and had a worried look. encourage him/her immediately to go outside and avoid gestures that could encourage him to play. let nature do its work and lower your face at eye level with your dog for the to congratulate. take out a special treat (associated only with learning to be clean), leave it to get excited and then give him the treat.
when an accident occurs, keep in mind that you're dealing with a baby, so be understanding. scold your dog gently by changing your tone of voice. take out the treat but don't give it to him. take your dog outside to finish his needs, and if he does it as if he were you have to, offer him the treat. the idea of going outside will soon come from him because he will want to be congratulated and receive his special treat (cookies and treats) Nutrient for dogs is really excellent).
do not give him a treat for other reasons before the learning of cleanliness is completed. this improves the effect of threats and speeds up the process. Try to discover the features of the particular behavior of your puppy. you should especially pay attention to the alarm clock, (this includes your return at home, even if you did not leave for long), after meals, before bedtime, and after exercise. Urine loss tends to be more likely to occur in summer when the dog must drink plenty of water.
to facilitate the learning of cleanliness, have always at hand a quality cleaner based on enzymes, such as SOX. this product eliminates organic matter in urine and feces. not only is it hygienic, but it also reduces your dog's willingness to go back to doing his needs in the same place by instinct. remember that urine tends to smell bad and spread under carpets, so apply the product by consequence. leave a wet towel on the area covered for a few hours. leave the dry and vacuum. Physically prevent the dog from returning to the same place and making the same mistake can also be beneficial for reprogramming his behavior.
The dog's quarters:
puppies and dogs need a place of their own, like
a basket, a bed or a niche. a basket or bed for dogs for them will provide warmth and comfort in the house, while a niche will provide them will protect them from outside precipitation in addition to providing them with a safe place.
Good to know Social interaction:
animals will be kept behind a closed door. Then, when at the right time, bring the animals into the same room, by making sure the puppy is kept on a leash. If the first contact seems to be going well, you'll be safe. otherwise, keep the cat in a wire cage, in the same environment as the dog but outside of its scope, can help. When the time seems right, open the door to the cage but only when you are in the vicinity to monitor the process.
if you need to introduce your new puppy to another resident dog already the family home, remember that most dogs have territorial behavior and that they may be angry to see to bring a new member into the family. each dog should have its own bowl, cushion, a place to sleep, etc. always take care of the oldest first to avoid a confrontation. if it still takes place, it is better to let the dogs adjust the things in their own way, unless the oldest dog is extremely aggressive. If this is the case, consult your veterinarian.
when you arrive home with your new puppy, expose him as much as possible a large number of people possible and try to avoid negative reactions to foreigners. remember, puppies are canine babies. often, in the turmoil surrounding the arrival of a new friend at home, parents leave their children to exaggerate the first interaction. this can be done by lead the puppy to bite a child out of frustration or get so angry that he risks biting a child to be sick. check the game time and the exuberance of the puppy and children, especially during the first week.
Teach children to be gentle and respectful. Show them how to do it well take a puppy by supporting it through the chest and the hindquarters, by placing one hand underneath each of these regions. do not encourage them never to hold the puppy by the neck or squeeze it too hard by stroking him.
if possible, give the responsibility for the puppy care for older children. owning an animal can be an experience a very rewarding learning experience. do not let not your expectations of your children or of your pet take them on it on common sense.
if you need to introduce your puppy to a cat, make sure you respect a period of time of initial exposure during which one of the good to know training and unpleasant behaviors:
the first interactions with your puppy will be decisive for the rest of his life. while putting certain principles into practice general, you must use common sense and adaptation in your educational methods. we suggest that you use a method of positive reinforcement. This technique includes rewards and punishments in disguise. By
example, if your dog comes to you when you call him, you can give him a treat, the affectionately scratch behind the ears (or to his favorite places), or play with him for a few minutes.
you'll soon find out that your puppy is conditioned by certain noises, such as the ringing of your keys. this noise can become the sign that it's time to go for a walk and you're puppy will come running to you. there are several behavioral problems that you should try to address to detect and eliminate. Those at the top of the list are probably excessive chewing, digging and yapping. puppies need to chew. they instinctively gnaw at objects to help
the formation of their teeth. later in their lives, this type of behavior will have beneficial effects on scale control and mouth health. It's your job to make sure the puppy understands what he can chew.
never give an old shoe or a piece of clothing impregnated with your smell like a puppy.
how would he know the difference with articles
similar after? When your puppy chooses the wrong thing, happily replace it with an appropriate item and say an encouraging word to your puppy. puppy. repeated errors may require more severe vocal interventions, but be sure to associate your vocal reprimand with the replacement of the toy. Opinions vary on the best chewing toy to give to the puppies, but it must first be accepted by the puppy, otherwise, he's useless.
digging is also a behavior that natural, especially for certain breeds such as the burrows. If you prevent this natural action, you can expect other behaviors of destruction. if possible, book a space in the size of a sandbox where you will bury secret treasures and your puppy will only dig there where you want him to dig.
yapping is a natural social interaction in dogs. You need to determine why your dog barks. many dogs do not bark that because they are not sure of them and need the comfort of their friends to overcome a situation delicate. the interaction in these
situations are acceptable but do not encourage it
unless you want to prolong this behavior. therefore, do not pet him or him talk; this could be interpreted as a positive reinforcement of behavior. your presence reassuring means that your puppy has no reason to continue. some puppies, like babies, learn to bark simply to get the attention. It is important to keep in mind that even a negative interaction is considered attention. if you can ignore this behavior, do it. never encourage,
even unintentionally, unintentional behavior that is not desired in a puppy. moans and moans and excessive barking can mean a lack of social interaction. make him sleep in a room more secure may be sufficient. if necessary, bring the cage in your room and gradually, day after each day, take it back to the desired place. remember, your puppy is a pack animal that has left the safety of his mother and brothers. you must now answer most of its needs. try to avoid scaring your puppy by wanting to play with him.
How to do Basic Care:
early visits to the veterinarian are very
not only for your puppy but also for your peace of mind. the first visit should take place at about eight weeks to the initial vaccination and stool analysis. the first visit allows you to get answers to your questions and allows your veterinarian to become familiar with your puppy's particular nature and adjust training techniques accordingly.
in addition, you will be able to discuss vaccines and the worming program, prevention of heartworm and flea control. a good part of the routine maintenance your puppy will need will be
easier to do if you start early. handle your puppy's legs every day and wipe them gently every time he arrives from outside (the essential-care towels are ideal to accomplish this task). give a treat to your puppy right after. this procedure will help you will make it easier to cut his claws.
most of the puppies will wait to have their legs wiped clean if they get a treat as a reward. get into the habit of rubbing your gums puppy with your finger. your pet will appreciate it and you will set the stage for future care dental. remember that puppies lose their first teeth between the ages of three and six months. in the first adult canine tooth pierces the gums almost exactly at five months, a good way to assess the dog's age if you have any
a good ear cleaning four times per month can make a big difference in your dog's life. The risk of irritation or infection will then be minimized. a
little earwax helps to cover and protect the ears, but too much of it can cause problems, especially in dogs with drooping ears. the cleanser, powder and ear lotion essentials-Care is specially formulated to help keep dogs' ears open clean and healthy.
Before cutting your dog's claws, ask your veterinarian or his technician to do the following show the best way to do it. however, have always at hand a "coagulant agent" (such as essential Care powder and styptic gel) or other first-aid remedies in the event of an accident. Cutting the claw too short results in minor bleeding, but it can be traumatic for the puppy. If you do not have any particular products on hand, a hemostatic pencil used for shaving cuts can help, but this will launch. Cornstarch or a bar of soap softly placed on the bleeding claw may often solve the problem.
How to do Castration or sterilization:
all dogs should be neutered or spayed in order to
limit overcrowding. castration or sterilization can be done from the age of six months. this operation offers many advantages. it makes it possible to reduce aggression problems, accidents, problems caused by homelessness, the desire to mate and she reduces the risk of developing certain types of life-threatening cancers and infections.
Good to know first aid:
Think of your puppy or dog as a child. if his condition warrants it, give him first aid immediately and call your veterinarian. in case of burns caused by spilled hot water, wipe the animal and apply cold water compresses. beware of burns caused by an electric shock; make sure you do not electrocute yourself when rescuing your dog.
in the case of heat stroke (which can be caused by prolonged exposure to suffocating heat, such as in a car in summer), immerse the animal in cold water as quickly as possible. if your dog is desperately kicking legs to his mouth and if he has gags, he could have a foreign body between the teeth or in the throat. You'll have to take a quick look around. If the dog struggles or panics, roll it up.
gently but firmly in a towel and open his mouth. To do this, place one hand on the dog's head and eyes and place your fingers at the base of his jaw. use the other hand to lower the lower jaw. ask a friend or a family member to enlighten in his throat to see better. if possible, remove the stuck object.
in all emergencies, bring your pet with you directly to the veterinarian and ask someone to call to notify you of your arrival. Unless it's not during the normal business hours, your veterinarian will understand and can receive you.
it is best not to administer medication at home. some products may not be available suitable for pets and can be used for hiding symptoms that are useful to your veterinarian to make a good diagnosis.
How to groom:
One of the keys to success to have a happy dog and in health is cleanliness. if done properly, grooming can be done as pleasant for you as it is for your dog. provide your dog with a daily grooming routine and congratulate him on his good behavior. gently increase the length of grooming time so as not to overdo the patience of the puppy. don't forget the ears, claws, and teeth;
your dog must accept your manipulations without questioning himself and he must understand that he will not be hurt. reward him with a treat afterward.
When combing your dog, follow the lines of his body, leading to his tail. remove dead and dirty hair will ensure a coat of health. it is very important to do this before bathing the dog. dead, loose or loose hair entangled will be even worse if you don't remove them not before the bath.
different species of dogs have different species of skin types. discuss the best kind of shampoo to use with your veterinarian at your first, visit. most dogs only have to need routine shampoo from time to time.
always choose a quality shampoo superior and adapted to your dog's skin (essentials offers a selection of shampoos and of dog conditioners).
a product based on aloe or lanolin is excellent for maintenance. Shampoos based on tar or sulfur is good for removing the dry skin and wet dog odors.
the formulas based on oatmeal and tea are perfect for relieving itching. always use a non-slip rubber mat if you choose to wash your dog yourself. avoid shampoos for human beings since the balance of their pH does not suitable for dogs. a bad shampoo or too frequent washing will remove the oils of the coat and will cause dry skin and irritation. the conditioner is very useful in these circumstances. it also makes brushing easier after the bath. be sure to brush your hair before the bath and to avoid the entanglement of the peeling when it dries, either in the air or in a dryer with hot air. remember that dogs can easily get chills. It is, therefore, better to avoid shampoos on cold days, unless that you are prepared to keep the dog indoors until it is completely dry.